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西安秦始皇兵马俑英文导游词

栏目:导游词 相关:英文 导游词  作者:我要署名 日期:2016年4月7日

emperor qin shihuang’s mausoleum and the terra-cotta warriors and horsesmuseum

emperor qin shihuang (259-210b.c.) had ying as his surname and zheng as hisgiven name. he name to the throne of the qin at age 13, and took the helm of thestate at age of 22. by 221 b.c., he had annexed the six rival principalities ofqi, chu, yan, han, zhao and wei, and established the first feudal empire inchina’s history.

in the year 221 b.c., when he unified the whole country, ying zheng styledhimself emperor. he named himself shihuang di, the first emperor in the hopethat his later generations be the second, the third even the one hundredth andthousandth emperors in proper order to carry on the hereditary system. sincethen, the supreme feudal rulers of china’s dynasties had continued to callthemselves huang di, the emperor.

after he had annexed the other six states, emperor qin shihuang abolishedthe enfeoffment system and adopted the prefecture and county system. hestandardized legal codes, written language, track, currencies, weights andmeasures. to protect against harassment by the hun aristocrats. emperor qinshihuang ordered the great wall be built. all these measures played an activerole in eliminating the cause of the state of separation and division andstrengthening the unification of the whole country as well as promotion thedevelopment of economy and culture. they had a great and deep influence uponchina’s 2,000 year old feudal society.

emperor qin shihuang ordered the books of various schools burned exceptthose of the qin dynasty’s history and culture, divination and medicines in anattempt to push his feudal autocracy in the ideological field. as a result,china’s ancient classics had been devastated and destroy. moreover, he onceordered 460 scholars be buried alive. those events were later called inhistory“the burning of books and the burying of confucian scholars.”

emperor qin shihuang,for his

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(2016年4月7日 责任编辑:tk763992698)